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Plaque is a sticky, colorless film of bacteria and sugars that constantly forms on our teeth. It is the main cause of cavities and gum disease, and can harden into tartar if not removed daily.

Good oral hygiene results in a mouth that looks and smells healthy. This means your teeth are clean and free of debris, gums are firmly held against teeth and do not hurt or bleed when you brush or floss, and bad breath is not a constant problem.

Gum disease is an inflammation of the gums that can progress to affect the bone that surrounds and supports your teeth. It is caused by the bacteria in plaque, a sticky, colourless film that constantly forms on your teeth.

Dry mouth means you don't have enough saliva, or spit, to keep your mouth moist. Everyone has a dry mouth once in a while, especially if you're nervous, upset or under stress. But if you have a dry mouth all or most of the time, it can be uncomfortable and can lead to more serious health problems or indicate that a more serious medical condition may exist. That's because saliva does more than just keep the mouth wet — it helps digest food, protects teeth from decay, prevents infection by controlling bacteria in the mouth, and makes it possible for you to chew and swallow.

Wisdom teeth are the last molars on each side of the jaws. Not everyone may have them.

They can remain impacted throughout life without causing any pain. 

They are the last teeth to emerge or erupt.

Should you be concerned about your wisdom teeth, please speak with your dentist. 

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GDC websiteSite last updated:

December 2019