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White composite fillings are made of a mixture of plastic and fine glass particles. Direct fillings are placed by your Dentist using a bright blue light that hardens the Composite material.
 
Made of: A mixture of plastic and fine glass particles. Direct fillings are placed by your Dentist using a bright blue light that hardens the Composite material.

Used for: Small and large fillings, in front and back teeth or the visible parts of teeth.

Costs: More than Amalgam, but less than Gold & Ceramic

Advantages:

The Composite resins have become stronger and more resistant to wear. Your fillings will match the color of your teeth. A filling can be completed in one dental visit.

Composite fillings can bond directly to the tooth, making the tooth stronger than it would be with an Amalgam filling. Less drilling is involved than with Amalgam fillings because your Dentist does not have to shape the space as much to hold the filling securely. The bonding process holds the composite resin in the tooth. Composite resin can be used in combination with other materials, such as Glass Ionomer, to provide the benefits of both materials. Composites can also be repaired with Composites so that in case a tooth or an existing restoration is damaged, only that part needs repairing with the same strength without cutting a healthy tooth or an existing good filling unnecessarily.

Composite on back teeth (Direct Adhesive Restoration)

Nowadays, there are a variety of Composite materials available with which your Dentist can restore a whole tooth; even a more complex back tooth by following a precise procedure and technique.
They are durable enough to withstand chewing forces. Placing such direct restorations although more complex is a breakthrough in Conservative Dentistry.

Your Dentist can delay or even avoid crowning your tooth by preserving your tooth enamel which furthermore leads to protecting the nerve of your tooth by providing minimally invasive treatment.
There is less cost and treatment for you involved compared to having a Crown, where more cutting of tooth as well as involvement of a laboratory is required.

Not all teeth are suitable for a Direct Composite Restoration ( e.g. following Root Canal Treatment on a back tooth) and each case will be carefully assessed by your Dentist who then will discuss with you alternative options.

Disadvantages:

Composite resin is technique sensitive. It may shrink when placed. However, the shrinkage is reduced when your Dentist places this type of filling in layers which will take more time.
Each layer is then cured or hardened, with a special bright blue light before the next layer can be added. This process makes the tooth stronger, but can lengthen the time of your dental appointment.
This more superior material, increased time and labor involved contribute to the higher cost (compared with Amalgam fillings).

Glass Ionomer (GI)

Made of: Acrylic and a component of glass called fluoroaluminosilicate

Types: Traditional (the material sets without a bright light), and Resin-modified or Hybrid Composite (stronger than traditional Glass Ionomer; a bright blue light is used to set the material)

Used for: Most commonly used as cementation for Inlay fillings, but Glass Ionomer also is used for fillings in front teeth or to fill areas around the necks of your teeth or on roots. As filling material, Glass Ionomer is typically used in people with a lot of decay in the part of the tooth that extends below the gum (root caries). It is also used for filling baby teeth and as a liner for other types of fillings.
 
Costs: Comparable to Composite resin but less expensive.

Advantages:

Glass Ionomer matches the color of the teeth, although it does not always match as well as composite resin. Resin-modified Glass Ionomer is usually a better match than traditional Glass Ionomer.In some cases, no drilling is needed to place a Glass Ionomer filling. This makes this type of filling useful for small children.

Glass Ionomers release Fluoride, which can help protect the tooth from further decay.Glass Ionomer restorations bond (stick) to the tooth, which helps to prevent leakage around the filling and further decay.

Glass Ionomer materials are not as technique sensitive as Composites and can be placed as an alternative where Composite can not be placed to protect and stabilise your tooth for short or medium term for those who wish to avoid having a metal or Amalgam filling.
 
Disadvantages:

Traditional Glass Ionomer is significantly weaker than Composite resin. It is much more likely to wear or fracture.Traditional Glass Ionomer does not match your tooth color as precisely as Composite resin.If you are getting a Resin-modified Glass Ionomer filling, each thin layer needs to be cured, or hardened, with a special bright blue light before the next layer can be added. This makes the tooth stronger, but can lengthen the time of your dental appointment.
 

White filling Composite Materials

White composite fillings are made of a mixture of plastic and fine glass particles. Direct fillings are placed by your Dentist using a bright blue light that hardens the Composite material.

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Teeth Whitening

Tooth whitening can be a very effective way of lightening the natural colour of your teeth without removing any of the tooth surface . It cannot make a complete change, however, it has shown to lighten the existing shade and brighten your smile.

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Dental Hygiene Treatment

Dental hygienists are specially trained to work with the dentist in giving care to patients .
They play an important role in dental health care and are mainly concerned with gum health , showing people correct home care and applying protective materials to the teeth and gums .

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Root Canal Treatments

 Inside the enamel (hard outer shell of the tooth) , there is a secondary protection layer called dentine . Inside the dentine is a specific area called the pulp or nerve chamber . The pulp chamber contains blood vessels and nerves to provide nutrients for the tooth .

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Preventative Treatments

  Preventative treatments are designed to prevent dental problems.

 

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Partial and Full Dentures

 A denture is designed to fill in the gaps left by one or more missing teeth. It is either a plastic or metal plate with a number of false teeth attached to it.

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Crowns and Bridges

 There are a few different treatment options your dental professional may suggest . These include bridges , crowns and implants.

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Cosmetic Dentistry

 Cosmetic dental treatments include any techniques that restore or improve the appearance of your teeth.

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December 2019